Best Practices php web application development

Aides, Resources, and Best Practices

Basically, Web Applications are dynamic sites joined with server side programming which furnish functionalities, for example, collaborating with clients, associating with back-end databases, and creating results to programs.

Cases of Web Applications are Online Banking, Social Networking, Online Reservations, eCommerce/Shopping Cart Applications, Interactive Games, Online Training, Online Polls, Blogs, Online Forums, Content Management Systems, and so forth..


There are two fundamental classes of coding, scripting and programming for making Web Applications:

I. Customer Side Scripting/Coding – Client Side Scripting is the kind of code that is executed or deciphered by programs.

Customer Side Scripting is by and large perceptible by any guest to a site (from the view menu tap on “View Source” to see the source code).

The following are some basic Client Side Scripting innovations:

HTML (HyperText Markup Language)

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)


Ajax (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML)

jQuery (JavaScript Framework Library – generally utilized as a part of Ajax advancement)

MooTools (JavaScript Framework Library – generally utilized as a part of Ajax advancement)

Dojo Toolkit (JavaScript Framework Library – generally utilized as a part of Ajax advancement)

II. Server Side Scripting/Coding – Server Side Scripting is the sort of code that is executed or deciphered by the web server.

Server Side Scripting isn’t distinguishable or open by any guest or overall population.

The following are the normal Server Side Scripting advancements:

PHP (exceptionally basic Server Side Scripting dialect – Linux/Unix based Open Source – free redistribution, typically joins with MySQL database)

Zend Framework (PHP’s Object Oriented Web Application Framework)

ASP (Microsoft Web Server (IIS) Scripting dialect)

ASP.NET (Microsoft’s Web Application Framework – successor of ASP)

ColdFusion (Adobe’s Web Application Framework)

Ruby on Rails (Ruby programming’s Web Application Framework – free redistribution)

Perl (universally useful abnormal state programming dialect and Server Side Scripting Language – free redistribution – lost its notoriety to PHP)

Python (broadly useful abnormal state programming dialect and Server Side Scripting dialect – free redistribution)

Program Libraries

Program libraries are an accumulation of ordinarily utilized capacities, classes or subroutines which give simplicity of advancement and maintanance by enabling engineers to effortlessly add or alter functionalities to a frameworked or measured write application.

Web Application Frameworks

Web Application Frameworks are sets of program libraries, parts and instruments sorted out in a design framework enabling engineers to assemble and keep up complex web application ventures utilizing a quick and effective approach.

Web Application Frameworks are intended to streamline programming and advance code reuse by putting forward envelope association and structure, documentation, rules and libraries (reusable codes for normal capacities and classes).

Web Application Frameworks – Benefits and Advantages

Program activities and rationale are isolated from the HTML, CSS and configuration documents. This enables architects (with no programming knowledge) to have the capacity to alter the interface and roll out to plan improvements without assistance from a software engineer.

Manufactures depend on the module, libraries and apparatuses, enabling developers to effectively share libraries and actualize complex functionalities and highlights in a quick and proficient way.

The structure enables deliver to best work on coding with reliable rationale and coding norms, and gives different engineers the capacity to get comfortable with the code in a brief timeframe.

Coding Guidelines, Standards and Convention

Coding rules are sets of tenets and guidelines utilized as a part of programming a web application venture.

These tenets and guidelines apply to coding rationale, organizer structure and names, document names, record association, designing and space, articulations, classes and capacities, and naming traditions. These principles likewise authorize composing clear remarks and give documentation.

Essential advantages of utilizing Coding Guidelines

Makes the best condition for numerous software engineers to take a shot at a similar task

Gives simplicity of viability and variant administration

Conveys better decipherability and comprehension of the source code

Safeguards that different engineers can comprehend and get comfortable with the code in a brief timeframe

Web Applications Lifecycle Model

Web Application Lifecycle is the way toward building up a web application and contribution of the different groups that are occupied with the improvement procedure. Every association may set forward its own novel style of working.

A few organizations take after a specific standard model, for example, SDLC (System Development Life Cycle) or Agile Software Development Model.

SDLC is the conventional procedure of creating programming or web applications by including exploration to recognize and characterize the application prerequisites, data examination, compositional plan and particulars diagram, group association, programming, testing and bug settling, framework testing, usage and upkeep.

Dexterous Software/Web Application Development is the iterative advancement process and improvement process rehearses that attention on joint effort of individuals included and give a superior strategy to permit modifications and advancement of web application necessities. Lithe philosophy incorporates inquire about, investigation, venture administration, plan, programming, execution, visit testing, adjustment and upkeep.

Web Application Development Process

Web Application Development Process arranges a handy system and approach in application improvement.

For detail data: Web Application Development Process

The accompanying rundown of methodology and proposed reports give a decent diagram to a Web Application Lifecycle and Process:

Guide Document: Defining Web Application, Purpose, Goals and Direction

Looking into and Defining Audience Scope and Security Documents

Making Functional Specifications or Feature Summary Document

Group Collaboration and Project Management Document

Innovation Selection, Technical Specifications, Illustrative Diagram of Web Application Architecture and Structure, Development Methodology, Versions Control, Backups, Upgrades, Expansion and Growth Planning Document, Server Hardware/Software Selection

Outsider Vendors Analysis and Selection (Merchant Account and Payment Gateway, SSL Certificate, Managed Server/Colocated Server Provider, Fulfillment Centers, Website Visitor Analytics Software, Third Party Checkout Systems, and so forth.)

Application Visual Guide, Design Layout, Interface Design, Wire Framing

Database Structure Design and Web Application Development

Testing: Quality Assurance, Multiple Browser Compatibility, Security, Performance – Load and Stress Testing, Usability


Web Application Testing

Testing is an imperative piece of the Web Application Development process. Now and again, testing would expend more labor and time than improvement itself.

The following are probably the most widely recognized testing required for any web application advancement process:

Quality Assurance and Bug Testing

Different Browser Compatibility

Application Security

Execution – Load and Stress Testing


Patterns and Popularity

The requests for organizations to assemble Web Applications are developing considerably.

On the off chance that arranged and manufactured effectively, web applications can:

Reach and administration a great many customers and organizations

Create significant, multi-layer/multi-classification salary from customers, organizations and promoters

Effortlessly construct business generosity and resources in light of group of onlookers achieve, prominence, innovation and potential development

The following are great purposes behind organizations to assemble web applications:

Organizations need to streamline their inward divisions and capacities, tasks, deals and venture administration, and so forth.

Organizations need to exploit an online application’s adaptability and flexibility, by moving far from the conventional work area application stage to the web application stage

Organizations need to acquire customers or better administration their present customers by offering advantageous administrations and arrangements on the web

Organizations need to fabricate new web applications to offer imaginative administrations or answers for online clients and organizations

Business Impact

The present web applications have significant business affect in transit organizations and purchasers work together, for example,

There are chances to pick up the high ground and sidestep the conventional physical organizations when this kind of chance was once in a while conceivable or existed before the blast of the web

The new web made a worldwide business condition which challenges the manner by which customary organizations work together

Organizations need to rethink and develop so as to contend in the present patterns, online business and worldwide commercial center

Organizations and customers have more choices and assets to look into and effectively think about and search for the best arrangements

Data and assets are tremendous and accessible to everybody who looks for it

Organizations or organizations who used to benefit from counseling or exhortation, that would now be able to be effortlessly obtained online are battling, and should take another business bearing on the off chance that they need to remain dissolvable.

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